Appendix C, Mass MKULTA – Part 1

header graphic
This is from the Schaffer Library of Drug Policy

APPENDIX C

Documents Referring To Subprojects

[document begins]    [View JPEG Document Scan of This Page]

DRAFT
1 May 1953

MEMORANDUM FOR THE RECORD

SUBJECT: Project MKULTRA, Subproject 2

1. Subproject 2 is being set up to provide a secure and efficient means to exploit [deletion] in regard to the MKULTRA program.

2. [deletion] is a practicing psychiatrist in [deletion] and a faculty member of the [deletion] His past positions have included Chief Neuropsychiatrist at [deletion] Chief of the Psychiatric Section at [deletion] and OSS experience during World War II. He has been of value in the general MKULTRA field as an overall advisor and consultant, he has been of value in containing individuals in the [deletion] area and in setting up projects there, and he has done work himself which has contributed to the MKULTRA field. His professional activities and known connections with the [deletion]

3. Subproject 2 would include:

a. Miscellaneous research and testing services in the general field of MKULTRA.

b. Services as a contact and cut-out for projects in the MKULTRA field, primarily those located in the [deletion] area.

c. Monitoring of selected projects in the MKULTRA field, when located in the central [deletion] area.

d. Services as a general consultant and advisor in the MKULTRA field.

4. The total cost of this project is not to exceed $4,650.00 for a period of one year.

5. [deletion] is cleared through TOP SECRET on a contact basis.

[signature deleted]

Chemical Division/TSS

[Multiple deletions at bottom of page]

APPROVED:

-110-    [View JPEG Document Scan of This Page]

[multiple deletions]

APPROVED:

[Sidney Gottlieb signature]

Chief, Chemical Division/TSS

PROGRAM APPROVED
AND RECOMMENDED:

[signature deleted]

For Research Chairman

Date: May 5, 1953

Attachment:
Proposal

APPROVED FOR
OBLIGATION OF FUNDS:

[signature deleted]

Research Director

Date: May 5, 1953

Original Only.

[multiple deletions at bottom of page]

[document ends]

[document begins]

-111-    [View JPEG Document Scan of This Page]

[deletion at top of page]

PROPOSAL

Objective: To study the possible synergistic action of drugs which may be appropriate for use in abolishing consciousness.

Proposal: Allocation of $1000 for animal experiments, to be drawn on as needed. That experiments be conducted informally at [deletion] without a specific grant, and with appropriate cover.

[multiple deletions]

[document ends]

-112-    [View JPEG Document Scan of This Page]

[document begins]

[deletion]

PROPOSAL

Objective: To study methods for the administration of drugs without the knowledge of the patient. Preparation of a manual.

Method: A survey of methods which have been used by criminals for surreptitious administration of drugs. Analysts of the psychodynamics of situations of this nature.

Proposal: That $1000 be allocated for this purpose, funds to be requested as needed.

[multiple deletions]

[document ends]

-113-    [View JPEG Document Scan of This Page]

[document begins]

DRAFT/[deletion]
11 August 1955

MEMORANDUM FOR: THE RECORD
SUBJECT: Project MKULTRA, Subproject [deletion] 2

1. Subproject 2[deletion]is being initiated to provide secure and efficient means of exploiting [deletion] with regard to the MKULTRA program.

2. [deletion] is a practicing psychiatrist in [deletion] and a faculty member of [deletion] He has been of value in the general MKULTRA project, serving as an advisor and consultant, contacting individuals in the [deletion] area, and carrying out his own research program.

3. Subproject 2 [deletion] would include the following:

(a) Miscellaneous research and testing services in the general field of MKULTRA.

(b) Services as a contact and cutout for projects in the MKULTRA field, primarily those located in the [deletion]

(c) Monitoring of selected projects in the MKULTRA field, when located in the central [deletion]

(d) Services as a general consultant and advisor in the MKULTRA field.

(e) He would act as medical advisor and consultant to [deletion] and his [deletion] establishment.

4. [deletion] will be reimbursed for his services and expenses upon receipt of an invoice at irregular intervals. When travel expenses are incurred through use of a common carrier, they will be documented and reimbursed in the usual manner; that is, consistent with standard Government allowances.

[multiple deletions]

[document ends]

-114-    [View JPEG Document Scan of This Page]

[document begins]

DRAFT [deletion]
2 October 1953

MEMORANDUM FOR THE RECORD

SUBJECT: Project MKULTRA, Subproject 16

1. Subproject 15 is a continuation of Subproject 3, which involved the establishment and maintenance of facilities for the realistic testing of certain research and development items of interest to CD/TSS and APD/TSS. The facilities were set up under Subproject 3, and Subproject 16 is intended to provide for the continued maintenance of the facilities.

2. Subproject 3 was originally intended to provide funds for the maintenance of the facilities for one year; but it turns out that the costs of alterations, equipment, and initial supplies were under-estimated in Subproject 3; hence the necessity to establish Subproject 16 at this time.

3. Subproject 16 will be conducted by [deletion] a [deletion] Certain support activities will be provided by CD/TSS and APD/TSS.

4. The estimated cost for a period of one year is $7,740.00.

[deletion]

SIDNEY GOTTLIEB
Chief
Chemical Division, TSS

PROGRAM APPROVED
AND RECOMMENDED:

[signature deleted]
Research Chairman

Date: ————-

APPROVED FOR OBLIGATION
OF FUNDS:

[signature deleted]
Research Director

Date: 13 Oct 1953

TOP SECRET

[document ends]

-115-    [View JPEG Document Scan of This Page]

[document begins]

[deletion]
May 26, 1953

Dear [deletion]

After our telephone conversation this morning I went to [one line deleted] and opened an account — regular checking — in the amount of $100.00 using the name [deletion]

It occurred to me that for sake of safety — if, for example, anything should happen to me — it would simplify matters if I made this a joint account between [deletion] and [deletion] Then, in case of my absence, illness or death you could recover the joint funds without any legal difficulties or monkey business.

The bank was a little sticky about opening an account in the absences of “references” from another bank, and also found it hard to understand how [deletion] got by all these years without a bank account. However, I offered to provide an excellent reference in a government official, a [deletion] who is [deletion] at [deletion] and that seemed to placate the money-lenders. Thereafter, I communicated with [deletion] and he immediately wrote a reference for [deletion] on official stationary. [deletion] also kindly said he was well acquainted with [deletion] and was pleased to offer for him a similar recommendation.

If you think this is a good idea, I suggest you sign the Joint Account Agreement and the three signature cards enclosed and return them to me.

And now that the account is opened I suggest you have funds deposited via Cashier’s check — or any other way that seems easiest — directly to [deleted] account.

I ordered checks printed with [deleted] name thereon and have also ordered stationary bearing [deleted] name. I considered this might facilitate payment of bills, etc., by mail.

What with suspicious banks, landlords, utility companies, etc., you will understand that creating the Jekyll-Hyde personality in the form of [deleted] is taking a little “doing”.

See you Monday, the 8th

Rgds,

[deleted]

[document ends]

-116-    [View JPEG Document Scan of This Page]

[document begins]

MEMORANDUM FOR THE RECORD

SUBJECT: Project MKULTRA, Subproject 23

1. The scope of this project is intended to encompass all those activities now engaged in by the [deleted] in its own facilities under the direction of CD/TSS. At the present time the various projects at this facility ([deleted] and [deleted]) are being concluded and it is deemed desirable from the standpoint of security and efficiency to replace these projects with a single project more general in its approach.

2. The attached proposal from Dr. [deleted] indicates the extent of the investigations that his facilities will allow him to carry out on the materials developed in the three projects referred to in paragraph 1, as well as certain other materials of interest to Cd/TSS. Dr. [deleted] also serves as a general consultant to this division and provides cover and cut-out facilities to the Agency.

3. The total cost of this project for a period of one year will not exceed $42,700.00.

4. Dr. [deleted] has been granted a Top Secret Clearance by the Agency and is fully capable of projecting the security of the Government’s interest in such matters as this.

[signature deleted]
Chemical Division, TSS

APPROVED:
[signature deleted]
Chief, Chemical Division, TSS

PROGRAM APPROVED AND RECOMMENDED:
[signature deleted]
Exec. [illegible] Res. Ed.
Date: Jan 28 1954

APPROVED FOR OBLIGATION OF FUNDS:
[signature deleted]
Research Director
Date: 28 Jan 1954

Attachment: Proposal

[document ends]

-117-    [View JPEG Document Scan of This Page]

[document begins]

The present investigation is concerned with chemical agents which are effective in modifying the behavior and function of the central nervous system.

1 – It is proposed to study a variety of known drugs in this pharmacological class that are in present day use and to synthesize new chemical agents or to modify existing ones as occasion may demand.

2 – The various chemical agents investigated or synthesized will be tested on animals to determine their acute and chronic toxicity. Their pharmacological effects will be studied by a variety of assay technics, such as blood pressure determinations, bronchial dilation recordings, endocrine effects, etc. Complete animal facilities will be maintained for this purpose and pathologic study will be carried out on the affected organs when the animals are sacrificed.

3 – Preliminary clinical investigation will be carried out on the more promising chemical agents, and appropriate laboratory procedures will be performed, such as blood counts, uninalysis, etc. to determine the effectiveness and the side reactions of the drugs under investigation.

4 – Adequate reports will be submitted of the findings at quarterly intervals.

5 – Proposed budget:

  Personnel

  Synthetic organic chemist..................$7,500.00
  Research medical associate.................$6,500.00
  Pharmacological assistant..................$5,500.00
  Chemical assistant.........................$4,000.00
  Histology technician.......................$2,400.00
  Clinical technician........................$3,600.00
  Chemical consultant........................$1,200.00

  Total salaries for personnel..............$30,700.00

  Other Expenditures

  Animals, animal maintenance & facilities...$4,000.00
  Chemical & laboratory supplies, expendable $4,000.00
  Miscellaneous permanent equipment..........$2,000.00
  Travel, medical meetings, etc..............$2,000.00

  Total other expenditures..................$12,000.00


  TOTAL.....................................$42,700.00

[document ends]

-118-    [View JPEG Document Scan of This Page]

[document begins]

DRAFT [deleted]
8 October 1954

MEMORANDUM FOR THE RECORD

SUBJECT: Increase in the Scope of Subproject 23, Project MKULTRA

1. Due to a considerable increase in the scope of the work undertaken by [deleted] at the direction of TSS/CD under Subproject 23, Project MKULTRA, the $42,700.00 sum originally obligated for this work is insufficient to cover the year’s costs. It is therefore proposed to add $15,000.00 to that already obligated under this Subproject.

2. The total cost of this Subproject for the period 28 January 1954 to 28 January 1955 will thus amount to $57,700.00.

3. The increase in scope responsible for this proposal consists of the development and partial financing of two new sources of biologically active compounds of interest in the program TSS/CD is carrying out.

[signature deleted]
Chemical Division, TSS

APPROVED FOR OBLIGATION OF FUNDS:
[deleted]
Research Director
Date: October 11, 1954

APPROVED:
[Sidney Gottlieb signature]
Chief, Chemical Division, TSS

Original Only.

[handwritten notes at bottom of page:]

1) [deleted]
2) [deleted]
The additional compounds are derivatives of tryptomine not available from any other sources.

[document ends]

-119-    [View JPEG Document Scan of This Page]

[document begins]

25 August 1955

MEMORANDUM FOR: THE RECORD

SUBJECT: Authorization for Payment of Certain Expenses Under Project MKULTRA, Subproject 23

1. In order to carry on the work of the above Subproject, it was necessary to test the effects of certain chemical substances when administered to test the effects of certain chemical substances when administered to human beings. Certain of the anticipated effects involved mental functions which precluded the use of mental defectives for this particular study.

2. In view of these circumstances the project engineer, with verbal approval from his chief, authorized the contractor to pay the hospitals expenses of certain persons suffering from incurable cancer for the privilege of studying the effects of these chemicals during their terminal illnesses. The total funds expended in this fashion amounted to $658.05 and full value was received.

3. It is requested that the Chief, TSS indicate his knowledge and approval of this particular expenditure for audit purposes.

[signature deleted]
TSS/Chemical Division

APPROVED:
[signature deleted]
[deleted] Chief, TSS

APPROVED:
[Sidney Gottlieb signature]
Chief, TSS/Chemical Division

August 31, 1955

Distribution:
Orig. – TSS/CD

[document ends]

-120-    [View JPEG Document Scan of This Page]

[document begins]

21 December 1954

MEMORANDUM FOR: Director of Central Intelligence

SUBJECT: Project MKULTRA, Subproject 35

1. While the Director’s statutory authority to expend funds for confidential purposes is not limited by law, we believe that a gift of Government funds as such would exceed the intent of the Congress in granting that power. However, where a gift is made for the express purpose of producing something of value to this Agency which cannot otherwise be obtained and there is reasonable expectation that the value may be received, the gift may in effect be an expenditure for proper official purposes.

2. In Subproject 35, it is stated that the donation in question would achieve certain ends desired by TSS. There seems to be no question that those ends would be advantageous, so the main questions appear to be whether they could not be attained by more direct, normal methods, and, if not, whether the return is necessary and reasonable in relation to the donation.

3. We are in no position to review the requirements of TSS or to appraise the advantages that would result from this project. We do not comment, therefore, on the value received if the project results in the benefits foreseen . We feel we should comment on factors affecting the probability of achieving those ends. In a legal sense, there is little or no control. Once the funds are donated, the individual, his foundation, or the hospital could conceivably refuse to work for us or allow us the use of the facilities.

4. Practically, the control seems to be established as well as circumstances permit. Certainly, as long as the individual is alive and in his present position, we have every reason to expect his complete cooperation in the future as in the past, unless through some act or fault of our own he is alienated. Even in the event of his death or incapacity, there appears to be a reasonable

-121-    [View JPEG Document Scan of This Page]

chance of continuing the project. If these probabilities appear sufficient to obtain an adequate return for the expenditure, there can be no legal objection to this aspect of the project.

5. It should be noted that there are two circumstances which require consideration in a final determination. As stated in Section V, our contribution, by appearing to be from a private source, would increase the matching Government contribution by a similar amount which would not be the case if it were known that this was in fact a Government contribution also. Secondly, it is the stated policy of the hospital to charge the Government and commercial organizations 80 per cent overhead on research contracts, whereas nonprofit foundations pay only direct costs but no overhead. Because of the ostensible source, our projects will not be charged overhead. This could be construed as morally wrongful to the hospital, as normally we would pay the 80 per cent overhead charge for projects performed directly for us, but I believe this can be offset, at least to the amount of our donation, and perhaps by the further amount by which the other Government contributions are increased by our donation. In any case, if the project is a proper one and must be performed in this manner, security dictates these circumstances and they, therefore, do not present a legal obstacle as such.

6. We raised the question whether funds for the hospital construction could not be obtained from other normal charitable sources. It appeared that there was a strong possibility that the individual concerned could raise adequate funds from private resources, but it was the position of TSS that if this were the case we would not obtain the commitment from the individual and the degree of control which this project is designed to achieve.

[Lawrence R. Houston signature]
LAWRENCE R. HOUSTON
General Counsel

[document ends]


-122-    [View JPEG Document Scan of This Page]

[document begins]

[deletion]

8 April 1955

MEMORANDUM FOR: Chief, DD/P/TSS

SUBJECT: Amendment to Subproject 35 of Project MKULTRA

We have noted your memorandum of 6 April 1955 to the Director requesting an increase of $250,000 for the TSS R&D budget for this Project. This request does not affect in any way the comments in my memorandum of 21 December 1954.

[deletion]
General Counsel

[document ends]

Read Appendix C, Part 2

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s